Pomelo
3 mins read

Pomelo

Introduction

Pomelo (Citrus grandis) is a large, citrus fruit native to Southeast Asia. It is a natural hybrid of the orange (Citrus sinensis) and the grapefruit (Citrus paradisi), and is often referred to as the “Chinese grapefruit” or “shaddock”. With its thick, rough skin and juicy, sweet-tart flesh, pomelo is a popular fruit in many parts of the world.

Etymology

The name “pomelo” is derived from the Malay word “pulau”, meaning “island”, and the Portuguese word “pomelo”, meaning “grapefruit”. The fruit has been cultivated for centuries in Southeast Asia, and was introduced to the Western world by European colonizers.

Description

Pomelo is a large fruit, typically growing to a diameter of 10-30 cm (4-12 in). Its skin is thick and rough, with a green or yellow-green color. The flesh is divided into segments, or “arils”, which are juicy and sweet-tart in flavor. The fruit has a large, central cavity containing seeds.

Taxonomy and Cultivars

Pomelo is a member of the Rutaceae family, which includes other citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, and limes. There are several cultivars of pomelo, including:

CultivarDescription
‘Siamese’Small to medium size, sweet flavor
‘Chinese’Large size, sour flavor
‘Tahiti’Medium size, sweet flavor
‘Malaysian’Small size, sweet flavor

Distribution and Habitat

Pomelo is native to Southeast Asia, including countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, and China. It is commonly cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions, and is also grown in parts of the United States, such as Florida and California.

Cultivation

Pomelo trees are relatively easy to grow, and prefer well-drained soil and full sun. They are often propagated through seed or grafting, and are pruned regularly to maintain a bushy shape.

Production and Uses

Pomelo is widely cultivated and consumed in many parts of the world. It is eaten fresh, used in salads, and made into juice, jam, and marmalade.

CountryProduction (2019)
China4,300,000 tons
United States1,200,000 tons
Thailand800,000 tons
Malaysia500,000 tons

Phytochemistry

Pomelo contains a range of bioactive compounds, including flavonoids, limonoids, and carotenoids. These compounds have been shown to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties.

Flavor

Pomelo has a unique, sweet-tart flavor, which is often described as a combination of orange and grapefruit.

Toxicity

Pomelo is generally considered safe to eat, but may cause allergic reactions in some individuals.

Nutrition

Pomelo is a good source of vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. It is also low in calories and fat.

NutrientAmount (per 100g)
Vitamin C30mg
Potassium180mg
Fiber2g
Calories45
Fat0.2g

Culture

Pomelo has cultural significance in many parts of the world. In China, it is considered a symbol of good luck and prosperity, and is often given as a gift during the Lunar New Year.

“Pomelo is a fruit that brings people together. Whether it’s shared at a family gathering or given as a gift, it’s a symbol of love and appreciation.” – Chinese proverb

In conclusion, pomelo is a delicious and nutritious fruit with a rich history and cultural significance. Its unique flavor and versatility make it a popular choice for many people around the world.