Mamey Sapote
3 mins read

Mamey Sapote


Mamey sapote (Pouteria sapota) is a delicious and nutritious fruit native to the tropical regions of Central and South America. With its sweet and creamy pulp, it has become a popular fruit among locals and foreigners alike. In this article, we will delve into the world of mamey sapote, exploring its etymology, description, taxonomy, cultivars, distribution, cultivation, production, uses, phytochemistry, flavor, toxicity, nutrition, and cultural significance.


The name “mamey” is derived from the Taíno word “mamey”, which was used to describe the fruit. The term “sapote” comes from the Nahuatl language, meaning “soft fruit”.


Mamey sapote is an evergreen tree that grows up to 15 meters in height. Its leaves are elliptical in shape, with a dark green color on top and a lighter green color on the bottom. The fruit is oval in shape, with a brown skin that turns yellow when ripe, and a creamy pulp with a single seed in the center.

Taxonomy and Cultivars

Mamey sapote belongs to the family Sapotaceae and the genus Pouteria. There are several cultivars, including:

‘Mamey’The most common cultivar, with a sweet and creamy pulp.
‘Sapote’Similar to ‘Mamey’, but with a slightly different flavor.
‘Tapatío’A Mexican cultivar, known for its sweet and slightly spicy flavor.

Distribution and Habitat

Mamey sapote is native to the tropical regions of Central and South America, including Mexico, Costa Rica, and Ecuador. It grows in humid and warm environments, typically in forests and coastal areas.


Mamey sapote is cultivated for its fruit, which is usually harvested when ripe. The tree requires a warm and humid climate, with well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade.

Production and Uses

Mamey sapote is a popular fruit in many countries, used in:

Fresh consumptionEnjoyed as a sweet and healthy snack.
Smoothies and juicesAdds a creamy and sweet flavor.
DessertsUsed in cakes, pies, and other sweet treats.
Traditional medicineUsed to treat various ailments, such as fever and diarrhea.


Mamey sapote contains various bioactive compounds, including:

Vitamins A and CAntioxidant and immune-boosting properties.
FiberSupports digestive health.
PotassiumEssential for heart health.
AntioxidantsProtects against oxidative stress and inflammation.


Mamey sapote has a sweet and creamy flavor, often described as a combination of pumpkin, sweet potato, and vanilla.


The fruit is safe to consume, but the seed and leaves contain a toxic compound called saponin, which can cause gastrointestinal issues if ingested.


Mamey sapote is a nutrient-rich fruit, providing:

NutrientAmount (per 100g)
Energy120 kcal
Vitamin A10.4mg
Vitamin C20.4mg


Mamey sapote has significant cultural importance in many countries, particularly in Mexico, where it is considered a national fruit. It is often used in traditional dishes and celebrations, such as the Day of the Dead.


Mamey sapote is a delicious and nutritious fruit, rich in history and cultural significance. Its sweet and creamy pulp, combined with its numerous health benefits, make it a popular fruit among locals and foreigners alike. Whether enjoyed fresh, used in cooking, or consumed as a traditional remedy, mamey sapote is a true tropical treasure.